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World War I and the End of the Ottomans: From the Balkan Wars to the Armenian Genocide

World War I and the End of the Ottomans: From the Balkan Wars to the Armenian Genocide

Edited by: Hans-Lukas Kieser, Kerem Oktem, Maurus Reinkowski

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Description

With the end of the First World War, the centuries-old social fabric of the Ottoman world an entangled space of religious co-existence throughout the Balkans and the Middle East came to its definitive end. In this new study, Hans-Lukas Kieser argues that while the Ottoman Empire officially ended in 1922, when the Turkish nationalists in Ankara abolished the Sultanate, the essence of its imperial character was destroyed in 1915 when the Young Turk regime eradicated the Armenians from Asia Minor. This book analyses the dynamics and processes that led to genocide and left behind today s crisis-ridden post-Ottoman Middle East. Going beyond Istanbul, the book also studies three different but entangled late Ottoman areas: Palestine, the largely Kurdo-Armenian eastern provinces and the Aegean shores; all of which were confronted with new claims from national movements that questioned the Ottoman state. All would remain regions of conflict up to the present day.Using new primary material, World War I and the End of the Ottoman World brings together analysis of the key forces which undermined an empire, and marks an important new contribution to the study of the Ottoman world and the Middle East.

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations and Tables
Contributors
Acknowledgements

Introduction:
World War I and the End of the Ottomans: From the Balkan Wars to the Armenian Genocide
Hans-Lukas Kieser, Kerem Öktem, Maurus Reinkowski

Part I: Toward War
1. The Ottoman Road to Total War (1913–15)
Hans-Lukas Kieser
2. Seferberlik: Building Up the Ottoman Home Front
Yigit Akin

Part II: Demise of Ottomanity in the Balkans and Western Anatolia
3. “Revenge! Revenge! Revenge!” “Awakening a Nation” through Propaganda in the Ottoman Empire during the Balkan Wars (1912–13)
Y. Do?an Çetinkaya
4. “Macedonian Question” in Western Anatolia: The Ousting of the Ottoman Greeks before World War I
Emre Erol

Part III: Ottoman Perspectives in Palestine
5. “The Ottoman Sickness and Its Doctors”: Imperial Loyalty in Palestine on the Eve of World War I
Michelle U. Campos
6. Palestine’s Population and the Question of Ottomanism during the Last Decade of Ottoman Rule
Yuval Ben-Bassat

Part IV: Reform or Cataclysm in the Kurdo-Armenian Eastern Provinces?
7. Land Disputes and Reform Debates in the Eastern Provinces
Mehmet Polatel
8. The German Role in the Reform Discussion of 1913–14
Thomas Schmutz
9. Building the “Model Ottoman Citizen”: Life and Death
in the Region of Harput-Mamu¨ retu¨ laziz (1908–15)
Vahé Tachjian
10. Explaining Regional Variations in the Armenian Genocide
Ugur Ümit Üngör

Afterword
Hamit Bozarslan

Chronology
Bibliography
Index

Author Info

Hans-Lukas Kieser is a historian of the late Ottoman Empire and Turkey. He is Professor of Modern History at the University of Zurich and president of the Switzerland-Turkey Research Foundation in Basel.

Bibliographic Info

Imprint: I.B.Tauris
Publisher: I.B.Tauris & Co Ltd.
Series: Library of Ottoman Studies

Hardback
ISBN: 9781784532468
Publication Date: 29 Sep 2015
Number of Pages: 320
Height: 216
Width: 138
Illustrations: 16 bw integrated

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